STAAR TERMINOLOGY

Below is a list of STAAR Terminology.  These are terms we have already covered or are currently studying.  Periodically, the students will be quizzed over a portion of these terms.  Please encourage your child to study these terms regularly.

STAAR Terminology List

Study this list!  You will be tested over all these terms periodically!

  • genre – a type, style, or category of literature
  • fiction – a type of literature that is a made-up story
  • nonfiction – a type of literature that is full of information and facts
  • realistic fiction – a story using made-up characters but the story could happen in real life
  • fantasy fiction – a story including elements that are impossible, such as talking animals or magical powers
  • humorous fiction – a story full of fun and excitement meant to make the reader laugh
  • historical fiction – a fictional story with real and/or made-up characters that takes place during a historical time
  • science fiction – a story that blends futuristic technology with scientific fact and fiction, such as time machines and robots
  • poetry – verse written to create a response through thought and feelings; often uses rhyme and rhythm
  • characters – the people or animals in the story
  • traits – ways of speaking and acting that show what a character is like
  • motive/motivation – a reason for doing something
  • setting – where and when the story takes place
  • plot – what happens or the events of the story
  • problem – the conflict that occurs between the characters or events in the story
  • solution/resolution – how the problem/conflict of the story is solved/resolved
  • theme – the central message or idea found throughout the story
  • mood – the feeling the author wants the reader to feel from the text
  • point of view – how the story is being told
  • 1st person – one of the main characters is telling the story using “I” or “me”
  • 3rd person – a narrator is telling the story using “he/she” or “him/her”
  • 3rd person limited – the narrator limits the reader by only allowing the reader to know the thoughts and feelings of one of the main characters
  • 3rd person omniscient – the narrator is all-knowing and shares the thoughts and feelings of all or most of the characters
  • context clues – clues in the text that help the reader understand what a word means
  • synonym – a word that means the same or almost the same as another word
  • antonym – a word that means the opposite of another word
  • root/base word – the most basic part of a word without any affixes
  • affix – letters added to the root/base word to change its meaning
  • prefix – an affix at the beginning of a word
  • suffix – an affix at the end of a word
  • analogy – a comparison of things that have some things in common or which are different; hot is to cold as happy is to sad
  • simile – a comparison of two things that aren’t normally compared using the words “like” or “as”
  • metaphor – a direct comparison without using the words “like” or “as”
  • onomatopoeia – a word that imitates a sound
  • personification – to describe non-human things using human characteristics, feelings, abilities
  • idiom – a phrase that means something different than what it says
  • alliteration – the repetition of the same sounds or letter at the beginning of each (or most) of the words in a sentence or verse
  • imagery – the use of vivid or descriptive language to reach the reader’s senses (sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell)
  • stanza/verse – a group of line forming a unit in a poem or song
  • rhythm – the beat in a poem; such as nursery rhymes
  • meter – the rhythmic structure in poetry composed of stressed and unstressed syllables; a rhythmic pattern or beat
  • rhyme – two or more words which match in the same last sound
  • rhyme scheme – the pattern of rhyme
  • free verse – a flowing poem that does NOT have a particular pattern (meter) or does NOT rhyme
  • repetition – using a key word or phrase several times throughout a poem; used to emphasize or help the reader understand the topic better
  • symbolism – when something stands for or represents something else; such as a dove standing for peace or a heart representing love

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